Health Topics

Health Topics

Box Austin, TX Make a reproductive life plan to think about your goals for school, your job or career, and for other important things in your life. Then, think about how having children fits in with these goals. When you are ready, plan your pregnancy. Whether you are trying to have a baby, or are just thinking about it sometime in the near or distant future, it is never too early to start getting ready for pregnancy. This is called preconception care. Many birth defects occur in the very early weeks of pregnancy before a woman has missed her first menstrual period, so it is important that she see her doctor to discuss medical and family history before she conceives. This is especially important for women who have had a previous child with birth defects.


Several previous studies suggest that maternal stress may be associated with increased risk of certain birth defects. This study examined the association of maternal stressful life events with risks of several birth defects. The data are from a recent, population-based case-control study.

Many birth defects occur in the very early weeks of pregnancy before a all of their immunizations are up-to-date before becoming pregnant.

Mothers who took certain antidepressants in early pregnancy had an elevated risk of having children with birth defects, a case-control study found. For example, fluoxetine use in early pregnancy was linked to more than double the risk of anomalous pulmonary venous return in infants when compared to unexposed pregnancies aOR 2. Venlafaxine Effexor , a selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor SNRI , had the highest proportion of elevated birth defect risks, and was associated with heart and neural tube defects, gastroschisis, and defects to the oral cleft.

In an email to MedPage Today , co-author Jennita Reefhuis, PhD, said that this research clarified previous findings, showing that SSRIs like sertraline Zoloft , fluoxetine, paroxetine, and citalopram Celexa , were each associated with a small number of birth defects. She added that this may suggest defects are due to the medications themselves, but further research is needed.

In an accompanying editorial , Katherine Wisner, MD, of Northwestern University School of Medicine in Chicago, and colleagues pointed out that distinguishing between the adverse effects of psychiatric illness and effects of medications on risk of birth defects is a major challenge in observational research. Missing information on psychiatric diagnosis, unaccounted residual confounders, and recall bias are all possibilities that may skew these results, the editorialists wrote.

They added that the multiple risks with venlafaxine affect a small proportion of this patient population, as it’s not a first-line drug for pregnant women. Reefhuis said that this study may inform larger conversations around antidepressant use during pregnancy. Anderson and colleagues obtained data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study , a population-based, multisite case-control study in the U.

The researchers compared mothers of infants with a birth defect to those whose infants had none. Mothers were interviewed via computer-assisted technology, anywhere from 6 weeks to 2 years after their estimated delivery date. Participants self-reported start and stop dates, frequency and duration of antidepressant use in the 3 months leading up to conception and during pregnancy. All infants with known genetic disorders or chromosomal abnormalities were excluded from the study, as were mothers with incomplete medication histories, diabetes during pregnancy, or teratogenic medication use before or during pregnancy.

Alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP) Test

Neural tube defects are abnormalities that occur in the development of the spinal cord and brain of some babies. The most common defects are spina bifida abnormal development of part of the spine and spinal cord and anencephaly severely abnormal development of the brain. As the embryo develops, the neural tube begins to change into a more complicated structure of bones, tissue and nerves that will eventually form the spine and nervous system.

However, in cases of spina bifida, something goes wrong with the development of the neural tube and the spinal column the ridge of bone that surrounds and protects the nerves does not fully close. The cause of neural tube defects is not certain but it appears to be due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

(NORD), may have information about the latest research. Reviewed by: Patricia G​. Wheeler, MD. Date reviewed: October

If your child has a birth defect , you might be feeling overwhelmed and unprepared. It’s important to know that many people and resources are available to help you and your child. There are many different types of birth defects, and they can range from mild to severe. In many cases, the cause is unknown. Acknowledge your emotions. You might feel shock, denial, grief, and even anger. You also might consider seeing a counselor.

Every 4 and a Half Minutes a Baby in the U.S. is Born with a Birth Defect

VA will pay a monthly monetary allowance under subchapter II of 38 U. Except as provided in paragraph a 3 of this section, the amount of the monetary allowance paid will be based upon the level of such disability suffered by the individual, as determined in accordance with the provisions of paragraph e of this section. No monetary allowance will be provided under this section based on a particular birth defect of an individual in any case where affirmative evidence establishes that the birth defect results from a cause other than the active military, naval, or air service of the individual’s mother during the Vietnam era and, in determining the level of disability for an individual with more than one birth defect, the particular defect resulting from other causes will be excluded from consideration.

This will not prevent VA from paying a monetary allowance under this section for other birth defects.

baby has a birth defect? Yes. When a child is State Birth Defects Registry. PO Box The history of the Registry dates back to when the Crippled.

A “Abnormal condition” means any condition established at conception or acquired in utero which results in a morphologic structural , metabolic biochemical , functional or behavioral derangement necessitating medical or other intervention. B “Birth defect” means an abnormal condition resulting from an error of metabolism biochemical , morphogenesis structural or both, which is either established at conception or in utero including congenital tumors and birth marks hamartoneoplasia.

C “Birth Defects Information System” or “system” means the collection and maintenance of information regarding abnormal conditions, birth defects and congenital anomalies of fetal deaths and of children from birth to five years of age, and the provision of referral services to families with a child from birth to five years of age with a birth defect.

D “Congenital anomaly” means an error of morphogenesis structural which is either established at conception or acquired during intrauterine life. E “Director” means the director of the Ohio department of health or his or her designee. F “Freestanding birthing center” means any facility in which deliveries routinely occur, regardless of whether the facility is located on the campus of another health care facility, and which is licensed under Chapter G “Hospital” means a hospital classified under section H “Local health department” means a health department operated by the board of health of a city or general health district or the authority having the duties of a board of health under section I “Physician” means an individual authorized under Chapter K “Stillbirth” or “fetal death” means death of a product of conception of at least twenty weeks of gestation prior to the complete expulsion or extraction from its mother which, after such expulsion or extraction, does not breathe or show any other evidence of life such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles.

L “Surveillance” means the ongoing systematic collection, analysis, interpretation and dissemination of outcome-specific data for use in the planning, implementation an evaluation of public health practice. A Each physician, hospital and freestanding birthing center shall report to the birth defects information system information concerning all children from birth to five years of age with any of the following abnormal conditions, birth defects and congenital abnormalities: 1 Anencephalus;.

B Each physician, hospital and freestanding birthing center shall report cases as described in paragraph A of this rule in an electronic format as prescribed by the director.

Trimesters and Due Date

Please sign in or sign up for a March of Dimes account to proceed. Each year in the United States, more than , babies are born with a birth defect. They are the leading cause of infant deaths. There are thousands of different birth defects, affecting the structure or function of every part of the human body. The March of Dimes provides grants to researchers, with the goal of understanding the causes of birth defects and developing new ways to prevent and treat them.

If you are planning to become pregnant, talk to your health care provider about the medicines you’re taking. Get up to date with all vaccines.

Each trimester lasts between 12 and 14 weeks, or about 3 months. Being aware of the ways that your growing baby is affecting your body will help you better prepare yourself for these changes as they happen. Pregnancy date counting starts with the first day of your last normal menstruation cycle and conception takes place in week 2. The first trimester lasts from the first through the 13th week of pregnancy. Although you may not look pregnant during the first trimester, your body is going through enormous changes as it accommodates a growing baby.

In the first few weeks following conception, your hormone levels change significantly. Your uterus begins to support the growth of the placenta and the fetus, your body adds to its blood supply to carry oxygen and nutrients to the developing baby, and your heart rate increases.

When Your Baby Has a Birth Defect

March 3rd is World Birth Defects Day! Join us in our effort to raise awareness of birth defects, their causes, and their impact around the world! Birth defects can affect babies regardless of where they are born, their socioeconomic status, or their race or ethnicity. Accurately tracking birth defects and analyzing the collected data is a first step in preventing birth defects. Understanding the potential causes of birth defects can lead to recommendations, policies, and services to help prevent them.

Birth defects can be the first sign that an emerging infection causes serious harm.

Which babies are at risk for LGA · Low blood sugar in the baby in the first several hours after birth · A higher risk for birth defects · Trouble breathing.

Learn about our expanded patient care options for your health care needs. Your health care provider may recommend a variety of screenings, tests and imaging techniques during your pregnancy. Many genetic abnormalities can be diagnosed before birth. Your doctor or midwife may recommend genetic testing during pregnancy if you or your partner has a family history of genetic disorders.

You may also choose to have genetic screening if you have had a fetus or baby with a genetic abnormality. Cystic fibrosis. Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Hemophilia A. Polycystic kidney disease. Sickle cell disease.

Birth Defects – What You Need To Know

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